We all know intuitively that there is a line between giving your child a smack and physically abusing him. While we may draw our lines in slightly different places, all decent people understand that there is a line and crossing it is evil.

Church discipline is similar, but when it comes to church discipline, where is the line between loving confrontation and abusive harassment?

Recent decades have seen a resurgence in the practice of biblical church discipline within many conservative churches. This is good. But in recent years, I have noted a trend which I believe is dangerous both in the damage it does to individuals and in the damage it will do to the church as the state steps in to protect individuals from further damage.

One author promotes abusive discipline in this way:

If someone tries to resign mid-process in order to escape discipline, should the church just let them go? Of course not. That would defeat the whole point of church discipline. Instead, the church must retain the right to refuse someone’s resignation and send them out another way—through excommunication.

A second author says that one of the mistakes churches make in practicing church discipline is that “they fail to teach new members as they enter the church about the possibility of church discipline, and that preemptive resignations don’t work.” In other words, once you’re a member, you cannot resign church membership without the permission of the church/pastor.

Of course we might not be too surprised to find such thinking in the extreme backwaters of Fundamentalism, but neither of the above comments come from Fundamentalism. Rather, both were published by 9Marks, a ministry connected with Mark Dever who is a mainstream conservative evangelical and has been a catalyst in the resurgence of the practice of church discipline (first and second quotation source, emphases added). A closer look at Dever reveals that the constitution of the church he pastors contains the following statement:

The church shall have authority to refuse a member’s voluntary resignation or transfer of membership to another church, either for the purpose of proceeding with a process of church discipline, or for any other biblical reason.

Raising the alarm

I appreciate Mark Dever’s ministry in general and have no desire to attack him or the ministry he is connected with. However, I believe this 9Marks-promoted teaching on church discipline is dangerous and needs to be addressed. I am, therefore, raising the alarm. Brothers, we must not mar the purity of Christ’s church either by refusing to exercise church discipline or by exercising it abusively. Doing so will damage individual believers, churches, and the reputation of Jesus Christ in the eyes of the world.

I’ll argue my case in a moment, but first, I want you to step into the shoes of Adam and Adele’s pastor.

Adele the adulteress

Adam and Adele were saved three years ago soon after their marriage. The first two years were full of spiritual growth and heavy involvement in the ministry of the church. More recently, things had been cooling off a bit. They still attended church regularly, but the excitement had drained away. Christianity had become somewhat routine.

Then a few months ago, you got a phone call from Adam late one night. He could hardly even get the words out: “She’s gone… she left me for a guy at work…” The following weeks were full of tears and talks, confessions and confrontations. Adele’s position was simple: “I love Jon. He treats me right. I’m not coming back.” Still, she thought of herself as a Christian and sometimes brought Jon to church of a Sunday night.

The morning after that first phone call from Adam, you had gone with him to confront his wife and urge her to change her mind. She felt sorry for Adam but was firm in her decision to stay with Jon. Over the following weeks, there had been many meetings involving many within the church body begging Adele to turn things around. Finally, after many weeks of tears and prayers and visits, the elders sent an email to Adele notifying her that as the matter has been addressed many times privately and she has refused to listen, on the following Sunday evening she would be brought before the church to involve the whole congregation in seeking to draw her to repentance. Within an hour of sending the email, the elders got a response.

To whom it may concern:

I hereby tender my resignation from the membership of the church. Please stop trying to contact me. I have made my decision and I’m not changing my mind.



As you read the closing lines of the email, your heart sinks. After all the tears and discussions and prayers, you had desperately hoped it wouldn’t end like this. Now it has… or has it?

Five reasons “denying” resignations is wrong

Let me be clear. Church discipline is not abuse. Scripture clearly spells out the obligation that a church has to hold her members accountable. I am referring here to an abuse of church discipline that goes far beyond both the commands of Scripture and the purpose of church discipline.

In the first paragraph, I compared church discipline to disciplining a child. The parallel I intend to draw is not between disciplining children versus disciplining church members. That would be to misunderstand the relationship of church members to the church. Rather, I intend to contrast discipline with abuse. The first is loving, healthy, and wholesome. The second is sinful, destructive, and heinous.

Let me give you five reasons it is wrong to deny voluntary resignation.

1) The Bible gives no authority for denying a resignation.

Let’s be frank. The Bible says nothing explicitly about the procedures for membership in a local body. Membership in the Universal Body is clearly taught (Ephesians 4:4-6) and membership with a local assembly is assumed and implied. But nothing is said about the procedures, if any, for such membership. Typically, Baptists conclude (as do I) that there was some sort of formal membership in the early local church. We even tend to follow the practice of offering letters of “transfer” for members who are moving from one church to another. This seems to be based on a few passages in which Paul, a man with apostolic authority, commends a Christian leader to a church (e.g. 2 Corinthians 8:23-24, Philippians 2:29, Colossians 4:10, etc.). Still, the instruction on church procedures of this nature are non-existent. Any “instructions” must be inferred from comments in the epistles and even then we must assume that such comments in the New Testament are prescriptive (what we must do), not merely descriptive (what they did).

Jamieson’s argument from Scripture is weak:

When your church made [a] person a member, you were declaring to the world that this person belongs to the kingdom of Jesus (Mt. 16:18-19). By regarding this person as a member, your church affirmed that he is indeed a “brother” in Christ (1 Cor. 5:11-13).

So what’s the problem? Hebrews 10:24-25 commands us not to forsake assembling together. Therefore, any professing Christian who quits going to church is living in habitual, unrepentant sin. And the way a church addresses unrepentant sin is not by merrily sending that person on his way, but by removing their affirmation of a “member” and a “brother” (Matt. 18:15-17; 1 Cor. 5:1-13). When the player quits showing up on game day, the team has to take back his jersey.

The obvious question is, in what possible way can we construe accepting the fact that someone has resigned and is no longer within the circle of our authority “merrily sending that person on his way”? Especially when the person leaves during the process of discipline!

Let’s look at how this would look in the case of Adele. The Sunday evening following the email from Adele, one of the elders stands before the church announcing that during the process of discipline, Adele has chosen to resign from membership in the church. He explains that the church needs to continue to pray for and reach out to Adele to try to draw her back to obedience to Christ, but sadly, for now, the church has done everything in its power/authority to restore her and the relationship has been severed.

In no possible sense could this be construed as “merrily sending [Adele] on [her] way.” She is no longer counted among the membership. There has been a clear break. As the process was not completed, it is impossible to legitimately affirm as a body that she is not a sister in Christ, but then Scripture never gives authority to do so even after discipline. What Scripture says is that the one who is put out from the church is to be treated as an unbeliever (Matthew 18:17). As the process was not completed with Adele, the outcome is somewhat more ambiguous. Nevertheless, the biblical obligations of the church have been fulfilled and no one is under the illusion that the church is comfortable with where Adele is at spiritually. Even if Adele’s sin had been private and the confrontation limited to a few key people in the church, an announcement of her resignation along with indication that the circumstances of her resignation were not good fulfils the purpose of church discipline by ensuring both the purity of the church and doing everything possible to bring the sinner to repentance.

2) Theology argues against denying resignations.

The most relevant doctrines are the doctrine of the church and the doctrine of man. I will address the former in a moment, but the latter is of crucial importance. If we truly believe the fundamental doctrine of total depravity, we know that every form of human government is highly susceptible to corruption. Even church government. This danger is magnified in circles of Fundamentalism where a “senior pastor” is often given near-absolute authority in the church. Such scenarios consistently and predictably lead to the abuse of authority.

There are many reasons why a person might legitimately need to resign and move to another church and in which it is unlikely that a letter of transfer would be granted. For instance, the church may have weak or false doctrine or an unbiblical leadership structure, there may be irreconcilable doctrinal disagreement, there may be philosophical differences, a church may be in sin (such as not handling a situation biblically), a pastor may go rogue or be in unrepentant sin, etc. Sometimes the reasons are more innocent. For instance, a family wants to help out with a new church plant or a church has been found where the doctrine and philosophy of ministry is more in line with a person’s convictions.

In each of these cases, a person may be refused a letter of transfer by a church/pastor. In many circumstances, we would accept that the person should leave anyway. Should their resignation then be “denied” and church discipline pursued? Surely this places an unacceptable level of authority in the hands of church leaders who are then controlling the lives of the other church members.

This brings us to the doctrine of the church. As we know, the church is not the building and it is not the organisation. The church is the people. And the head of the church is not the pastor or the board or the congregation. The head of the church is Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ told us in no uncertain terms (Matthew 13:24ff) that the visible church will have members who are not believers. The solution Jesus gives is not to go on a witch hunt to work out who is a true believer and who is deceived. Jesus specifically warned what will happen if we try this approach: “lest in gathering the weeds you root up the wheat along with them.” Rather, we are to leave such cases to God.

The church is however obligated to address obvious sin within the church according Paul’s instructions to the church at Corinth. The text of 1 Corinthians 5:12-13 says it plainly: “Is it not those inside the church whom you are to judge? God judges those outside” (emphasis added). Once a person has resigned from the membership of the church, they are no longer “inside.” They are “outside.” And it is at that moment that the obligation—and the authority—of the local church stops. To continue to pursue confrontational contact with Adele after her email would be abuse, not obedience.

3) History argues against denying resignations.

Jamieson argues that Baptists have long rejected voluntary resignation. Without entering that argument in depth, it seems odd to argue based on this point since church history is dominated by an almost unending succession of abuses and misuses of disciplinary power. The Roman church used prison, torture, and execution-by-fire among their “discipline” practices. The Protestants did the same at times. It was the Baptists themselves, ironically, who often argued against such abuse of Scripture and the church’s power.

If history teaches us anything about church discipline, it is that human leaders cannot be given absolute power without being corrupted.

Let’s look at Adele’s situation again following the idea that her resignation can/should be “denied.” The elders respond to Adele’s email—against her explicit request—stating that they do not accept her resignation and that they intend to continue with the discipline process as planned. Adele responds demanding that they leave her alone. On Sunday evening, the elders bring her situation before the church. The church members are urged to confront her and urge her to repentance as is Scriptural at the final stage of discipline.

By Tuesday, Adele has received visits from multiple church members as well as phone calls and emails from concerned believers and she has had enough. She writes to the elders again insisting that the visits, calls, and emails stop. The following Sunday, the elders affirm that the church must continue to confront her and so the contacts continue. Within a few days, Adele is frazzled by the barrage of unwelcome confrontations and contacts the police asking what she can do to stop the harassment. She is advised that she will need to contact a solicitor and so reluctantly commences the process of seeking legal protection from the church. As it happens, the church finalises the discipline process before any significant legal action is required, but the damage is done. The church has crossed the line from loving confrontation to harassment and bullying and Adele’s heart is forever closed to that congregation—and any similar congregation—not because of loving confrontation, but because of the harassment and the utter disregard for her dignity, freedom, and privacy. Unfortunately, the damage is broader than that. The police officer who took Adele’s call has mentioned the situation to several other officers as well as his wife. The solicitor and court clerk and judge are also aware of what happened. Furthermore, unbelievers and young believers who have been attending the church become aware of the situation. Adele’s sin was a tragedy. The sin of the church is a greater tragedy.

4) Logic argues against denying resignation.

The Constitution of the church Mark Dever leads outlines the purpose of church discipline:

a) The purpose of such discipline should be for the repentance, reconciliation, and spiritual growth of the individual disciplined;
b) For the instruction in righteousness and good of other Christians, as an example to them;
c) For the purity of the church as a whole;
d) For the good of our corporate witness to non-Christians; and
e) Supremely for the glory of God by reflecting His holy character (p. 3, ll. 21-41).

So let’s look at Adele’s situation. If she resigns, is the purpose of the discipline process accomplished? Well, it hasn’t resulted in repentance or reconciliation, but then neither does church discipline if it gets to the final stage. Still, every attempt to draw Adele to repentance has been made.

Second, do you think it would even be possible to preach about the damage of adultery without every person in that church thinking about the tragedy with Adele?

Third, there was sin in the church. It has been removed. The purity of the church has been protected.

Fourth, the testimony of the church in the community is protected because a clear, public break has occurred. If someone at the local hair salon were sharing the gossip about Adele’s adultery and someone said “Wait, isn’t that the Adele that goes to the church down the road?” the answer would no doubt be “Well, she used to, but they got on her about her relationship with Jon and she left.”  In other words, the relationship with the church has been severed one way or another and the purpose has been met.

Finally, points three and five are related as fire is related to smoke. God is glorified in the purity of the church.

So here’s the big point: If resignation meets the purpose of church discipline (and it would be hard to imagine a case in which it didn’t), what right does the church have to deny resignation? Why would it want to or need to?

5) Legal concerns argue against denying resignations.

I want to be clear. Legal concerns are not decisive in such matters. But where Scripture is silent, or leaves room for varying approaches, legal concerns are an essential factor for those who take Scripture seriously (Romans 13).

While Australia does not have a bill of rights (at least not yet), we do subscribe to the UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights which states simply “No one may be compelled to belong to an association” [s 20(2)]. This is so obvious and basic that it shouldn’t need to be said. In fact, all the words we associate with keeping someone against his will are negative: Prison, slavery, trapped, snared, cornered, kidnapped, custody, etc. This is not God’s plan for the local church.

But there is another legal issue at stake. If we, as Christian churches, will not restrain our authority and use it in ways which are consistent with freedom and human dignity, the government can, should, and will step in to protect her citizens. In some places, this has already happened. We would be foolish to think that we can badger, harass, intimidate, and/or bully and then expect the government to sit back and do nothing. They should act to stop such abuse. But do we really want to force a parliamentary committee to set out legal guidelines for church discipline? How much better to solve the problem ourselves by careful study of Scripture and firm self-regulation?


There is no excuse for the church to seek to dominate and control the lives of her members. Those who are Christ’s are members of his universal body regardless of our processes and approaches. While the obligation to church discipline is a solemn duty, we must not carry it out in a way that brings dishonour to the name of Jesus Christ, the head of the church, and presents him to the community as a heavy-handed thug.

To put it another way, God is sovereign. He doesn’t need us to be.

Grace to you.

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About Jason Harris

Dr Jason Harris is a writer, pastor, and academic. He has authored multiple books, articles, and papers including his book Theological Meditations on the Gospel. Jason has a PhD from James Cook University as well as degrees in theology, music, accounting, and research. Jason has lived in Cairns, Australia since 2007 and serves as pastor at CrossPoint Church. You can contact Jason at jason@jasonharris.com.au.


  1. Al Garlando 26 March, 2013 at 11:23 am

    Given the Biblical analogy of marriage to our covenant relationship to Christ, I think that the reverse principle of 1 Cor 7:15 would apply to the matter of membership.

    “But if the unbeliever leaves, let it be so. The brother or the sister is not bound in such circumstances; God has called us to live in peace.”

    I think you’ll also agree that one of the mistakes that Churches (and parents!) make with discipline is that it isn’t and shouldn’t always be punitive. Discipleship and discipline have the same root and similar meaning. Correction is necessary, but not at the expense of modeling, training and teaching godliness.

  2. Jason Harris 26 March, 2013 at 3:27 pm

    That’s a good point Al on 1 Corinthians 7:15.

    I agree on the punitive aspect, though I wonder if “punishment” is ever a legitimate goal of church discipline…?

  3. Albert 27 March, 2013 at 10:52 pm

    Jason, whilst I agree with you 100%, the fact that this article needed to be written or that there could be a differing view in some local churches, is really scary.

  4. Jason Harris 28 March, 2013 at 12:21 am

    I agree Albert. I don’t know how prevalent the teaching is in Australia, but I do know it exists here.

  5. Kirk 4 April, 2013 at 1:31 pm

    Jason, I appreciate your writing and obvious thought you’ve put into this. Church discipline is a difficult subject and I can tell that you desire to look at it humbly and biblically. I have a few thoughts based upon this that I think may be helpful.

    I should admit that I have been (we recently moved for work/family reasons and are in the process of transferring membership) part of a church very similar to what you are speaking of in terms of church discipline. Knowing this may help reveal bias in my comments! :) Admittedly, all churches are different and it is wise for either side to not solely defend/critique all churches as one.

    Therefore, I’d like to point out some possible errors in your logic based upon the excellent church that I was a member of, but will readily say that there are most likely churches that do take things too far, as you have expressed concern about. I do not attempt to defend unloving ways of handling church discipline.

    First, in your excellent example regarding marital infidelity with Adele, there is the assumption that the church will continue “the attack” after she has attempted to tender her resignation. While this perhaps has happened, the church which I was a part of (which did pattern itself in many ways after IX Marks-like polity) would always honor the request to be left alone, but would continue in the discipline. Frankly, I’m not sitting here typing in the “what if” but thinking of specific instances of nearly identical discipline cases to what you have described. Generally what would happen in this instance, was that as soon as the individual expressed a desire to no longer be contacted, one last letter would be sent by the elders saying something like “OKay, we received your request to no longer be contacted and we will honor it. We love you, and this will be the last time we contact you. Please know that we will be putting your name before the church in our next Members Meeting on [day of the week], [Month] [Time of Service] for excommunication from the church. We love you and use this one last letter as a means of calling you to repentance. Please know that at any time up until and during that meeting, you need merely call or even text your desire to meet with us and consider the things we have said and we will take your name off the table in the hopes that we can meet and can see your genuine repentance. Please know however to honor your wishes, this will be the last time that we or anyone from the church contacts you regarding this.” -love the elders, church, blah blah

    Was there continual encouragement for the church body to call and make contact before this point? Absolutely, but there was a genuine respect for her wishes and understanding of legal matters to no longer maintain contact… though she would still be informed that she would be removed from the membership. There would be no “easy way out / slipping away”.

    Second, based upon this, it must be pointed out that in following Matthew 18 (though admittedly, some discipline cases are unique in how they begin… especially a sin that immediately involves a large number if not the whole of the church with the one individual), there is no room for “quietly slipping away” without repentance. If the brother/sister is not brought to repentance in Matthew 18, the next step is that they are brought before the church. Someone who is confronted privately by individuals/elders and then decides at that moment that it would be less awkward to “skip town” and leave quietly is then immediately ushered into the next realm of Matthew 18. According to the Bible itself, this must be told to the church. I may have misunderstood you on this point, and you may agree with me here, but I am curious to know if you would want it handled another way. As far as I can tell from your illustration, especially in the opening part, Adele has not yet been brought in front of the church and I believe you are in danger of skipping out on the last part of Matthew 18 by allowing her to quietly slip away. This goes into the third concern I have.

    Third, By allowing an individual to quietly slip away, it denies the other members three things (at least, a smarter person may be able to think of more! :). It denies them:

    (1) the merciful warning of seeing how faithfully and seriously sin is taken. If sin is allowed to grow and fester and then a person can quietly move on out without “upsetting” the apple cart and being publicly voted on by friends and family, it encourages the lie that sin loves to tell: that sin is easy and painless. I have seen amazing repentance of sin in tears by a majority of my church after a particularly difficult discipline case. I myself was moved to be more aware of how grievous my sin is, that it leads to death and not life. This would rarely happen if sin is continually hidden when all a person needs to do is “tender their resignation more quickly than the next Members Meeting.”

    (2) It denies the congregation the confidence that sin cannot be easily hidden. Their sin and the sin of others. If the elders allow anyone to leave whenever they sin grievously enough to warrant discipline… without actually being disciplined… then the member will undoubtedly wonder how many other times has that happened? How often is sin covered rather than brought to the light to be addressed publicly and with grace that they “may be handed over to Satan so they may be saved on the last day.”

    (3) It denies the members clear direction of what to do next. There are passages of Scripture that deal with unbelievers in a certain way, and then there are passages of Scripture that deal with unrepentant and disciplined members (don’t even eat with them!)… where does Adele fall into? What should her friend Cindy do if she’s used to getting lunch with Adele every Tuesday? Should she “hand her over to Satan” as well and refuse to give her the feeling of “your still one of us” by refusing to eat with her unless they can speak of repentance? But how can she really do that if Adele’s not even been disciplined out… but left by her own means??? In fact, how can she even do that if Cindy DOES NOT YET KNOW Adele has even “left” since the elders in your example would have allowed her to slip quietly away. In my experience, there has always been a brief instruction time followed with lots of prayer for how to handle a “removed” brother/sister. I myself have run into a removed brother on the sidewalk and asked him in love to repent and return to us. If I had not known he was removed because the elders never told the church, I could never have had that chance to call him to repent!!!

    Anyway, I do appreciate your thoughts, but would encourage you that it is still not quite as simplistic as you make it sound (especially labeling this type of discipline as sinful in your title), and far from being dangerous. I have seen from first-hand experience how truly gracious and filled with love this idea is. Admittedly, I agree that it’s not a “required biblical black and white issue”, but I do feel for the reasons I proposed above that it would be wise to consider strongly not allowing a person to fade out of the church without the church knowing.

  6. Kirk 4 April, 2013 at 2:03 pm

    Follow-up… well I made a mess of things. I failed to read the paragraph carefully enough where you suggest in your “Adele” example that the pastor would announce to the church that she had resigned, etc. Therefore, this gets rid of a number of my points regarding being concerned that it was privately being pushed away. I apologize for the confusion. Perhaps my biggest remaining question after reading it (well this time:) however would be that it still seems more faithful in following Matthew 18 to still notify her and go through with church discipline as in my suggested letter from the pastors, rather than simply announcing that she’s gone. I can see and appreciate your thoughts more however after reading that paragraph and at least understanding that you’re not suggesting she’d just be let go without any public notification…. anyway, I apologize again for being a doofus and not reading well the first time…

  7. Garrett Conner 17 July, 2013 at 5:56 am


    I applaud your work here. However, being one who has know the horrible side of abuse in church discipline, even I see problems with what you’re saying.

    How does resignation negate the call in the text to take it to the church?

    Doesn’t this feel like a “loop hole” in avoiding the accountability of church discipline?

    It sounds like, “We practice discipline, and excommunication; unless you resign mid-process. Then we will act like nothing happened. So even if you harm a member, and remain unrepentant, we can’t confront it in final discipline if you say, ” I’m out.”

    I’m struggling with your argument.

  8. Jason Harris 5 September, 2013 at 8:40 pm

    Garrett Connor,

    I apologise for the delayed response. Thanks for raising these points.

    The call to take it to the church is relative. Clearly if you go to your brother and he repents, you aren’t obligated to take it to the next level. Inversely, if you go to your brother and he resigns and leaves the church, you are not obligated to take it to the next level and the next. Inherent in the text is the idea that there is a goal here and the steps are designed to achieve that goal. Once the goal is reached, the process is complete. A look at my comments in the post on the goal of discipline should demonstrate how this resolves question you raise.

    It is a loophole in the sense that the church is far from infallible and this helps avoid believers being persecuted too severely by the church. On the other hand, it is not a loop hole in the sense that these things can and do follow people for decades to come—whether the accusations are just or not. Ultimately, it in no way nullifies the accountability of discipline since it makes it impossible for a person to be a member in good standing with a church while in open, flagrant sin. There will be pressure to repent and either public rebuke or having to walk away from everything and try to start over somewhere else (including the process of trying to join a new church while in open sin).

    Regarding harming another member, that is a whole new ballgame. It depends what we’re dealing with. If it is criminal in nature, you don’t need church discipline to make it public. You do what needs to be done to protect the flock. If it is financial, it can be taken up with the person’s new church or where the person does not associate with a new church, in the courts. Or it can be forgiven if that is the way it should be. But there is no obligation to keep such matters secret. Each situation will require its own response, but the point is that church discipline is not the only way to deal with such things. It is a specific process designed for a specific context. Its purpose is not to be a fail-safe way to nail anyone the church believes is in sin. Its purpose is to keep the church pure, protect the testimony of Christ in the community, and to restore a fallen brother. This it does in either outcome.

    • Garrett Conner 13 October, 2013 at 2:58 am

      Thanks Jason. It is hard to communicate all the particulars here and not take up too much time.

      In the church I pastor, no one comes into church membership by their own authoritative declaration. So, it is with their keeping their membership, its not declared by their individual power, but by the power given to the church.

      In the same way, everyone who leaves our church via “resignation”, — is a resignation I bring to the church in consistent accountability. What is key—- is that the church is able to examine myself (the eldership) on matters of any perceived mishandling of the resigning member. There is ample time for the church to make sure no one is being harmed. They do not accept members into membership without biblically credible evidence and they do not accept a resignation that is not credible. (Again, making sure we as pastors have not harmed them.)

      For example, there was a preemptive resignation for the purpose of pursuing “unbiblical divorce” in accordance with our documents. The resignation came because the process of discipline had began. By the way, the offended party in our small church is very visible/active and beloved.

      The congregation sees the injustice painfully every week. (try to sense the situation)

      After the person refused to listen in accordance with Matt 18, and based on the person’s request to not be contacted any more (which we obeyed), we gave the recommendation to the church that for our records that the resignation be rejected and that the person be removed as not in good standing. It currently mean nothing to the person who is gone and rejected the church as you say, and in fact we cannot update the person based on their request to not be contacted; however, it declared to our congregation that the unrepentant sin would be biblically addressed and our stance was clear.

      We obeyed Jesus in taking it to the church. The church obeyed and took a stand against the action of the person.

      The resignation was not the issue for us, but rather the command to take the offense at the last stage (which was a refusal to communicate) to the church.

      I truly don’t know how with good conscience we good do anything less. I guess my critique continues to be that your argument is weighs more heavily on pragmatism rather than simple obedience. People can leave anytime they want in real sense, but it does it mean the church should not take care of the ordering of the house. God will judge us for our acts of omission and commission. In our case, not acting would be an sin of omission in keeping with Matt 18.

      Again, this is from one whose family knows abuse of discipline.

      Thanks brother,

  9. Jonathan Leeman 28 September, 2013 at 4:30 am

    Like Garrett, I want to thank you for your post in this respect. It’s obvious you are seeking to protect and care for the flock, and to keep the flock from abusive leaders and churches. And insofar as you are practicing church membership and discipline at all, you’re heading into the wind of severe culture pressure to do otherwise. So first and foremost, I’m grateful for your partnership in the gospel. And one thing more on this note: if we’re going to error either toward leniency or authoritarianism, I think we should error toward leniency. Which means I appreciate the spirit and goal of your post.

    Within the context of a spirit of partnership, may I then push back, as someone who agrees entirely with Jamieson’s article, and who has written similarly? A few points of contention:

    1) I expect you don’t apply this standard to other domains. A citizen cannot “opt out” of citizenship on the way to being arrested for committing a crime. A doctor cannot “opt out” of the medical licensing society when charges are brought for malpractice and still expect to practice medicine in some other office. An athlete cannot “opt out” of paying a fine for some penalty before the trial is complete and still expect to play. in the first example, the state would prevent him from leaving. In the second and third examples, the society would say, “Sure, you can leave, but we’re going to revoke your license/membership.” And I don’t think you would fault them for doing so, would you?

    In other words, what we’re talking about here is the ordinary nature of disciplinary action. This is how it works, and there’s nothing out of the ordinary about it. The fact that you think it is suggests to me…

    2) You conceive of the local church as a voluntary society with no real authority. I agree the church is a voluntary society from the state’s standpoint. The state has no authority here. But it’s not a voluntary society from the standpoint of Christ’s kingdom. This is what Jamieson was getting at. The institutional church instituted by Jesus has an authority you and I as individual believers do not have (see Matt. 16 and 18). This sounds shocking to contemporary Western ears, but Christians have understood it for 2000 years.

    3) For a church to say, “We’re not going to accept your resignation but are going to move to discipline” is hardly a coercive action. The church’s authority is a declarative authority. Churches make declarations. Nothing more. So when a person acts like an unbeliever by prematurely exempting themselves from the processes of discipline, ironically, they force the church to make SOME declaration. To accept the resignation is to say, “Everything is fine with this person and their profession of faith.” To deny the resignation is to say, “Everything is not fine with this person and their profession of faith. In fact, since they are refusing to cooperate and show the signs of repentance, for integrity and honesty’s sake, we must remove our affirmation of their profession.” To choose the latter, as I see it, is not coercive; it’s just being honest. And the church doesn’t want to be in this situation; the person has forced it by refusing to go through the Jesus-instituted processes.

    You used the language of “persecution,” and while I agree churches can, in principle, persecute, it strikes me as strange, perhaps overwrought, to quickly jump to such language. Might I compare this situation to my wife insisting on a divorce, my refusing, and her saying that I’m “persecuting” her by refusing? It’s hypothetically possible that I am, assuming a whole set of other circumstances. But we would hardly say that, in principle, I am persecuting her.

    4) I fear you might be taking away the very tool that Jesus and Paul would give to the church so that it might do good for the sinner. Paul says to hand the man over to Satan so that his soul might be saved. You’re taking away the church’s ability to do that. Do you think Jesus and Paul meant, “Hand this man over…as long as he’s cooperative about that fact, because if he’s not cooperative, then you need to stop.” Discipline is for our good. If you don’t believe that, as most of us don’t automatically, of course it’s going to seem mean. But what if we (like Proverbs, like Hebrews 12) actually think discipline is for our good? Furthermore, the fact that the church has the authority to deny a resignation doesn’t force the person to stay, they can go any time they want. But it does put some pressure on them to explain themselves more fully, to work it out. Assuming it’s a healthy church, I don’t see that as a bad thing; in fact, it just might serve everyone.

    5) But don’t churches make mistakes, or become abusive and unhealthy? Of course they do (that’s why Jamieson does what he does); so do parents and teachers and courts and police officers. But each of these still have the ability to discipline. What protection is there against wrong decisions and genuinely abusive churches? You go to another church! Our church has allowed people to join on more than one occasion who were still under discipline from another church. Our elders investigated, decided that they disagreed with the former church’s actions, and let the person join. Each church has the responsibility to faithful for it’s part. So does each Christian.

    6) I think you’re emphasis on the “resignation” is actually putting something into Scripture that isn’t there.

    7) Bottom line: I think you’re at risk of undermining the very process of discipline established by Jesus. Discipline, by it’s very nature, is usually against a person’s will. Wouldn’t everyone just resign if they thought they could avoid discipline by doing so? Now, if we were talking about state church which possessed the power of the sword, that might sound pretty scary. In fact, I’m talking about a free church with the authority of declaration and nothing more.

    It’s honestly strange to me to have these kinds of forthright conversations with someone I’ve never met, online and in public. I hope I’ve offered these challenges in the spirit of brotherhood and care. Forgive me if I haven’t. Thank you for your care in these matters. I pray both of us might come to a common mind, and that we both might learn.

    In a spirit of friendship,
    Jonathan Leeman

    • Jason Harris 12 October, 2013 at 5:37 pm

      Thanks for your comment and your patience with my delay. I appreciate the spirit of your comments and hope to reflect that back to you here.

      1) Your comparison to citizenship fails on two points. First, crime is unrelated to citizenship. A foreigner who commits a crime is just as liable to prosecution. Second, a crime against the state is not parallel to a crime against the church. Our “crimes” are against God and our relationship to God is not mediated through the church. That was the error of the Roman Church.

      Your comparison to a doctor fails in that a medical licensing society is hierarchically superior to any particular doctors office. There is no parallel in the church unless you deny the autonomy of the local church. This is made clear when you change the scenario to a doctor leaving one office on bad terms and then going to work at another office.

      Your comparison to membership on a sports team fails in that an athlete can indeed resign and walk away as long as the offenses are private matters (vs. civil or criminal wrong) and he is willing to give up the privileges of playing for that particular team.

      As you point out, the most a private organisation can do (assuming there is no civil or criminal wrong) is to revoke membership. Which of course no organisation does after a member has resigned. Because in every other domain, voluntary resignation is an option.

      2) No, I conceive of the local church as a voluntary society with real spiritual authority. The local church is indeed voluntary in every sense of the word. The fact that membership in a local church is not biblically optional in no way changes the fact that membership in any particular local church is entirely voluntary. The only other option is the Roman Catholic model of an earthly, visible, catholic Church. The authority of any particular local church is very real, but is also limited. It is limited, specifically, to her voluntary membership. A person can leave one local church and look for another one without in any way rejecting the authority of the local church.

      3) The notion that any organisation has a right to reject a resignation in the absence of legal or contractual obligations is untenable. Therefore it is absurd to suggest that acceptance of a resignation is a statement of agreement and approval. People who leave unexpectedly naturally raise the question of why they didn’t want to be there all of a sudden. There is a natural, inherent suspicion to news of sudden resignation which is the exact opposite of an implied statement of agreement or approval.

      To hold someone in membership against their will for the sole purpose of publicly condemning them and throwing them out is an act of aggression. It not about getting rid of the person or keeping the church pure (their resignation accomplished those), and it surely isn’t about helping that person because refusing their resignation can only lead to alienation; rather it is about power. It is heavy handed. It does nothing to help the church, the individual, or the cause of Jesus Christ in the community.

      4) You seem to be suggesting that when someone runs from the church, we have to pull them back in and then throw them back out. The passage you quote (1 Cor 5) deals with someone in open sin who is “among you.” Paul tells them to throw him out because he wasn’t running! He was hanging out IN the church, in good standing, as if everything were ok. In that case, yes, you do have to throw them out. But to twist this to suggest that we have to run after them, pull them back in just so we can ceremonially throw them back out is deeply immature at best and abusive at worst.

      None of this in any way calls the goodness of discipline into question. Biblical faithfulness requires being mean sometimes. Throwing someone out because they will not repent is merciful and is for their good and the good of the body. But this is not that.

      5) Your point here is fair enough, though a bit utopian in my view. The assumption that there is more than one biblically faithful church within a few hours drive of a previous one that is not politically/relationally tied to the first in such a way as to bias them severely isn’t reasonable in 90%+ of the world. Perhaps in the USA this sounds reasonable, but most of us are not so blessed.

      6) It’s a fair point. But then the same point is true of the “joining.” If you’re going to have one, the other necessarily tags along.

      7) I would feel the same way. I think you’re at risk of undermining the very process of discipline established by Jesus by abusing it in such a way that rather than helping the church, the individual, and the cause of Christ in the community, it will actually hurt all three. This will cause the pendulum to swing right back to the other extreme and the further to one extreme it comes from, the more momentum it will have coming back.

      I truly appreciate your time in responding here and pray that the discussion will be beneficial both for us, but also for others who read along.

      Grace to you.

  10. Todd Wilhelm 13 December, 2013 at 5:12 pm

    Thanks for writing this article Jason. I have lived through the abuse you have described. As a member of a 9Marks church in Dubai I chose to resign my membership for issues of conscience. 6 1/2 months after I submitted my email to the elders I was removed from their membership roster. Nobody in church leadership had the decency to tell me of this, although they had no problems badgering me in the interim!

  11. Paul Petry 16 July, 2014 at 7:23 am

    “I believe this 9Marks-promoted teaching on church discipline is dangerous and needs to be addressed.”

    Unfortunately, the teaching has infected church organizations worldwide, and the persons in leadership who put those dangerous teachings into practice are in most cases not as mild-mannered and humble as Mark Dever – and there is the danger. His teachings, in the hands of ruthless CEO-type “lead pastors”, have left behind a trail of broken lives and wounded sheep – or as one well-known leader has boasted, “a pile of dead bodies” behind the bus.

  12. Steve240 17 July, 2014 at 10:01 am

    Interesting how you seem to portray Mark Dever as a proponent of not letting someone flee a church while under discipline or having done questionable actions.

    Mark Dever is the one who allowed C.J. Mahaney to attend Capitol Hill Baptist when Mahaney’s sin and hypocrisy became public. Rather than requiring Mahaney to stay at Covenant Life Church where Mahaney was a member Dever allowed Mahaney to attend Capitol Hill Baptist. What is even worse is that in similar situations Mahaney had required other pastors to remain at their local church when they were being disciplined.

    Why didn’t Mark Dever require Mahaney to stay at his church and submit to church leadership and their God given “authority” as Mahaney had previously taught members should do?

    If nothing else this shows just how corrupt and different rules go with church discipline. Church leaders like Mahaney don’t have to live by the same standards.

    I am glad you pointed out that possibility of how corrupt leaders and church government can get.

    Also, one thing that a lot of leaders don’t teach on is about the need for church discipline of church leaders. If anything, having a church leader in sin is much more dangerous to a church then a regular church member in sin IMO.

    Just some thoughts.

  13. Dave 17 July, 2014 at 7:37 pm

    Another intriguing take on “membership as marriage” analogy, is the fairly recent introduction of the prenuptial contract. How would the typical Christian father feel about their daughter’s betrothed, presenting her with a “pre-nup” shortly after the engagement ring?

    Does not the image immediately kill the romance, challenge motives, generate suspicion and indignation?

    Groom: “Sweetheart, I assure you, that I DO understand your initial reaction of feeling hurt and
    confused,…but I am compelled by honor of my father, in zealously protecting his name and
    reputation in our community. If you LOVE me, you will consent to this most sacred request.

    Bride: “If you truly LOVED me, you would not ask this of me.

    Sadly, there exists an entire sub-industry in the legal realm that peddles their wares to churches, with the objective of instructing the clergy in “How to obtain informed consent to discipline members, without legal liability” (membership contracts aka: Covenants).

    This is the pre-nup,…and it HAS killed the romance. So much so,…that I will likely never “get married” to one particular expression of the church again. I will be content perpetually “dating”.

    Stop DATING the church,… You must COMMIT!

    I am quite confident that if there were no real assets owned, (building, real property, intellectual property, 401k), and the assembly simply met in public pavilions or venues, the spiritual intimacy (romance), would be evident, as the motives of the brethren could be purer, unclouded by the attraction and protection of temporal lucre.

    When Jesus dispatched his disciples amongst the seventy, he specifically addressed the carnal lust for the temporal, and issued restraints to their appetite for an “upgrade” to better accommodations. Do NOT move house to house!

    The prior post spotlights the white-washing of the tombs of the contemporary legalists; “Do as I say, not as I do”. When YOU want to resign from the “so-called marriage”,…not on MY watch! But when the CLERGY receives a divine “$ Calling $” to leave to a different church (aka UPGRADE), it is clearly the anointed will of God, that shall not be questioned.

    • Steve240 18 July, 2014 at 9:36 am

      Most church membership contracts that I have seen and heard about are written to protect that local church and leadership. As with most contracts, the person who writes it (this case that church) and they write it in their favor to protect themselves and their interests.

      On the other hand with churches having a lot of money they have “deep pockets” as the phrase goes. Thus I can see them wanting to protect themselves from wrongful lawsuits.

  14. Jerry Nanson 25 July, 2014 at 2:32 pm

    Thank you for this thoughtful, biblical and well balance analysis of this new extreme which has become quite prevalent here in the U.S. As others have pointed out, this abusive practice goes hand in hand with the requirement of the multi-page membership contract, or “covenant” which is the preferred term by the churches that require it, in order to make it seem like it’s a benevolent, mutually beneficial practice based on scripture. The reality is that there is no biblical justification, either specific or implied, for any such contract to be required for full participation in the local body. The leaders take advantage of the biblical & theological ignorance of most of their “members” and implement these contracts couched in language that sounds biblical not to protect the church but, in reality, to give carte blanche to authoritarian leaders to cross the line into abuse, while the only true protection it provides is immunity from legal/financial liability for the leaders with absolutely no protection and no recourse for those who are abused. These “covenants” in essence, create “mini” Catholic Churches with mini popes with little to no consequences for the abusers. Here is the section of the church “covenant” from the church where we were attending that initially gave me pause and caused me to thoroughly evaluate this practice and, in the end, reject it as abusive and no more than paper circumcision:

    “If at any time an individual member feels as though the corporate church body is not remaining faithful to the requirements of the covenant, it is the responsibility of the individual member to lovingly and humbly express concerns to the leadership of the church. If the church elders are unwilling to change and pursue covenant faithfulness, then the member is freed from his or her membership obligations and encouraged to seek membership elsewhere given the church’s disobedience. In addition, certain circumstances may provide sufficient and righteous grounds to transfer membership elsewhere.”

    Notice there are no consequences for the elders but the member is “freed” as if they are a slave to the local church rather than to Christ. Another disturbing portion was the commitment “…to do the following when I sin: confess my sin to God and to fellow believers.” The “to fellow believers” part lays the groundwork for virtually every kind of abuse by the leaders. This “covenant” establishes a hyper-authoritarian leadership with the requirement of “going to confession” (sound familiar?). Abusive church discipline in virtually guaranteed under these kinds of circumstances.

    • Todd Wilhelm 25 July, 2014 at 6:45 pm

      “The reality is that there is no biblical justification, either specific or implied, for any such contract to be required for full participation in the local body.”

      Great comment Jerry.

      Unfortunately there seems to be a major seminary in Louisville churning out young pastors who have bought into the “membership covenant” mentality. Lots more wounded sheep will be the inevitable result. Thankfully Christ has promised to build His church, therefore I am confident that, in the long term, this too shall pass.

  15. MtnShepherdess 17 March, 2016 at 2:52 pm

    I will NEVER step foot in a 9Marks (aka (9Marxist) church again and subject myself to this level of authoritarianism. What Mark Dever and Jonathan Leeman have brought to us is the un-Biblical heavy Shepherding Movement from the 1970’s, just repackaged in some new language. Same abusive game.

    At least the Florida founders of the heavy Shepherding Movement came to their senses and repented for the incredible damage and abuses that were inflicted on peoples’ lives.

    Mark Dever has yet to do that.

    At my ex-church I signed the Membership Covenant because the pastors/elders told us it was a “Biblical basic” that had “been lost”, per Mark Dever. Hindsight is 20/20.
    I now realize that was a lie and that Jesus never required His followers to sign any paperwork to follow Him. Ditto the Apostle Paul to join the church.

    The Membership Covenant simply turned out to be a crowbar for the pastors/elders to insinuate themselves into the lives of church members’ about things that were NONE of the pastors/elders’ business. Everything about us was tracked, reported back up the chain of command, and discussed. Attendance at Bible studies, church social events, and the like.

    I was the subject of an elders’ meeting and received an admonishment from the Chairman of the Elder Board that the elders had criticized me for bringing bbq beef brisket to a church potluck! I was told that I had been “too lavish”. What rude, low-class people. Just no manners. I thoughtfully made a dish that everyone loved and was quickly consumed, including by the men, and I’m the subject of an elders meeting?

    At my ex-9Marx church our church members were screamed and yelled at in elders’ meetings for what they fed their children, their décor, attendance or not at church functions, and on and on.

    *The first woman to be the subject of “church discipline” before all – hundreds of members – was a godly woman, married, middle-aged and professional. She was so troubled by the church and its practices, lack of oversight and accountability, that she left and went to another denomination and she refused to come back. The senior pastor and the elders accused her before all of being “unsubmissive to her husband”, who still attended the church.

    The senior pastor said that they had “worked with her for a long time.” When I interviewed her later she told me that they had screamed at her for a long time, including coming to her home and screaming at her.

    Church members were ordered to “pursue” her. She responded to this level of harassment/stalking by disconnecting her cell phone and email and moving out of the family home.

    *Next a long-time close personal friend of the conservative Pastor John MacArthur’s (Grace Community Church, Southern California) was ordered to be excommunicated and shunned before hundreds of church members. The doctor is a godly man in his 70s, married for some 50+ years, faithful husband, loving and close relationships to his grown children. The doctor bought and paid for materials for the new church lending library (DVDs, books, CDs). He invited and paid for the senior pastor to join him and John MacArthur on a trip to North Carolina (we’re in Silicon Valley, California) to meet the Rev. Billy Graham at his log cabin home.

    The doctor’s crime? He has disagreed in private with the pastors/elders about how they were running the church.

    The senior pastor accused the doctor of teaching “heresy”. The doctor did no such thing and he NEVER even taught at church or led a Bible study. It was all lies.

    Hundreds of church members (including those employed by Google, Yahoo, Apple, undergraduate and graduate students at the nearby, prestigious Stanford University) were ordered to NEVER speak to the doctor again or have anything to do with him that he wasn’t “one of us”.

    The senior pastor, manipulatively, told us to “pray for the doctor’s wife”. The doctor’s wife, when I later interviewed her, told me that she had always disliked the senior pastor, the elders, the church, and she thought that something was terribly wrong with the place, and she repeatedly warned her husband that they should NOT attend this church. She said she hated every single Sunday that she went to that church. She knew that church was terribly wrong. She just dreaded going.

    *Next it was my turn to be excommunicated and shunned. I had discovered, while dong research for an attorney, about sex offenders in the area that a new church member was a Megan’s List sex offender/child pornographer. I reported it to the pastors/elders. They had me in a meeting where they screamed and yelled at me, defended the sex offender who was their friend.

    The pastors/elders said the sex offender was fine, safe with kids, they would entrust their own to him, and that he had “come to Jesus”. They gave him a position of leadership and trust which sex crimes experts around the world have criticized them for doing that, saying that should never be done. The pastors/elders gave the sex offender access to children, and didn’t tell all parents. They gave him latitude to attend all church events, including Bible studies where parents brought their children. The pastors/elders invited him to volunteer at a 5-day basketball camp for children, not telling all parents, including unbelievers in the community who entrusted their children to us, or the Seventh Day Adventist denomination in Los Altos, CA who rented their school gym to us (the SDA’s are self-insured and could be enjoined in litigation if a child were harmed).

    The pastors/elders said the sex offender was “coming off Megan’s List”. His supervising law enforcement agency The Sheriff’s sex offenders’ task force called my senior pastor’s story “all lies” and “total lies”. The Sheriff was so alarmed that they contact the California Attorney General who confirmed the story was “all lies” and “total lies” and the A.G.’s office was NOT removing this sex offender from Megan’s List.

    The elders concluded the meeting by reading me a passage that I was destined for Hell and not one of us for discussing child safety! (Outsiders have asked if there are any other child predators among the church’s clergy. That’s a really good question, actually.)

    The pastors/elders controlled the décor of my home (I had to get rid of an Italian cross that costs hundreds of dollars, that I’ve had for years, that was a birthday gift, and is beautiful art) because it offended the senior pastor and one of his hateful, boorish, retired (woman) friends from the church.

    If I declined to give my personal information to another church busy-body, a woman who is an Adult Child of an Alcoholic and a Codependent with no boundaries, she threw temper tantrums with me that I didn’t “trust” her. (Other church members said she did same with them. We all avoided her she was such a strange and disrespectful person with no adult, healthy boundaries.) She ran to the elders and I was ordered to come in to more meetings to “answer” for myself. No, I’m an adult. I don’t owe an emotionally bizarre woman with no manners by personal business and I don’t have to “explain” myself to the chairman of the elder board or the senior pastor.

    Then I was excommunicated and shunned.

    Stay away from the cultic, abusive, 9Marks churches and anything like it (Acts 29, John MacArthur’s The Master Seminary graduates, many of the Baptists groups which have going NeoCalvinistic). Just stay away from all of the authoritarian groups.

    They have destroyed lives, churches, marriages, friendships. (I lost all of my friends of 8 1/2 years.) They have caused people to need psychiatric care for their stunning losses. One police officer, so bereft and ashamed after his church excommunicated for some trumped up charge and publicly humiliated him before all, went in with a gun to the Sunday service and committed suicide in front of everyone before all.

    Just stay away.

    Mark Dever has arrogantly done his damage. So has Jonathan Leeman. They are destructive and dangerous men. They lack love and they lack humility. Everything involves rules, rules and more rules. They are arrogant, full of pride. Full of arrogance. No respect for others. They are not shepherds. They are not fit to serve anyone. They have crowned themselves as proverbial popes and caridnals, for all that they hate the Roman Catholic Church, complete with excommunications and shunnings (the Keys). They have “keyed out” countless good Christians, or had their hateful followers do same. They have cost us our witness and grieved are Lord.

  16. Anonymous 18 March, 2016 at 2:45 am

    I realize that this post and most of the comments were written long ago.

    In addition to the author’s well reasoned critique, I would like to add another thought.

    Matthew 18 explicitly relates to conflicts between people. “If a brother sins against you…”, and then it outlines a procedure for resolving that conflict. This passage instructs the church on how to resolve conflicts. A church would be a good place to resolve conflicts between members where there is a case of an offense. The church, either the entire congregation or a group designated by the congregation, would be in a position to obtain facts and try to resolve the matter.

    Matthew 18 does not address sins being committed by its members. It does not say, “If you see a person in sin …”

    This is an important distinction. To apply Matthew 18 to daily living of the members in a congregation, it turns this passage into a procedure whereby members see co-members sinning, and then they report them. Then the church gets to hear all about their sin. And the only remedy the church has is to kick the sinner out. This is clearly not what Matthew 18 is talking about. A church that uses Matthew 18 for any sinful conduct will eventually have to kick everyone out. This practice creates a corrosive atmosphere at church as members are trying to be vigilant to stop and address sin.

    I Corinthians 5 does address sinful behavior. But note the nature of the sin is so egregious that even the Gentiles knew it was sinful.

    If kicking people out of a local church is restricted to situations of danger or egregious situations, the church will be protected and the instances of abuse will be rare.

    If Matthew 18 is twisted out of its context, the church will not be protected. It will be destroyed, as each member will become a watchdog and a reporting agency on the other members, and the entire church will be involved in judging people. If this were done with the knowledge that God possesses, none of us would be allowed to stay in the church. But with the limited knowledge that men have, this practice will eventually lead to favoritism so that only what the leadership wants to prosecute will be prosecuted.

    • A. Amos Love 18 March, 2016 at 4:46 am

      Anonymous – Excellent comment…

      “If Matthew 18 is twisted out of its context, the church will not be protected. It will be destroyed, as each member will become a watchdog and a reporting agency on the other members, and the entire church will be involved in judging people.”

      And these “church discipline” guys always seem to twist Mat 18.

      “Church Discipline” – “Excommunication”

      Is NOT mentioned, ever, in all of Mat 18.

      Jer 50:6
      “My people” hath been “lost sheep:”
      **THEIR shepherds** have caused them to *go astray,*

      1 Pet 2:25
      For ye were as *sheep going astray;*
      BUT are now returned to the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.

      {{{{{{ Jesus }}}}}}

  17. A. Amos Love 18 March, 2016 at 4:51 am

    FYI –
    Anyone interested in Jamisons original post….
    “Pastors, Don’t Let Your People Resign into Thin Air”
    That post Gots lots of pushback…
    And is NO longer located on the original page at Nine Marks…
    The links to Jamisons original post produce an ‘Error.”
    It was moved, and all the… errr…
    **Negative Robust Comments** disappeared…
    Or Nine Marks deleted them ALL… ;-)
    This is now the address of Jamisons original post.
    And, Jonathan Leeman, attempted to come to his rescue with… Part 2…
    Pastors, Don’t Let Your People Resign Into Thin Air, Part 2

    • Jason Harris 14 July, 2016 at 11:44 pm

      Thanks for sharing the updated links.

  18. ejj 18 March, 2016 at 7:54 am

    Kirk wrote:
    “If the brother/sister is not brought to repentance in Matthew 18, the next step is that they are brought before the church. Someone who is confronted privately by individuals/elders and then decides at that moment that it would be less awkward to “skip town” and leave quietly is then immediately ushered into the next realm of Matthew 18. According to the Bible itself, this must be told to the church.”

    Here’s a situation that turns Matthew 18 on its ear.
    I’d love a response to this.

    Kirk, I was in a situation where the pastors & elders demonstrably lied to my wife & me. The *one* thing that they *didn’t* want was to take our situation to the church. In fact, when we followed Matthew 18, first taking our concerns to the pastors, then followed up by taking it to the elders, when we then threatened to take it to the whole church, the elders replied that, “WE ARE the CHURCH. WE represent the WHOLE CHURCH. This IS the final step of Matthew 18.”

    When we asked the elders some pointed questions about how we had been demonstrably lied to, where the pastors had demonstrably contradicted each other, and asked how the elders could reconcile the two opposing statements, they left the room for 15 minutes to get their stories straight, then returned, said they wouldn’t answer our questions, while noting that we weren’t there to look backward or “rehash” (their word), but to go forward. They then ordered us not to speak of what happened to anyone, and put us under church “discipline” & threatened to kick us out if we spoke up about it. This was a church we served in prominently & faithfully for 15 years.

    What then, sir?

    We left/resigned quietly.

    We simply wrote in our resignation letter that the Lord sees it all, we trust Him to work it out, and “as for me & my household, we will serve the Lord.”

    Our resignation letter was never acknowledged, nor to our knowledge was it ever addressed directly by the pastors/elders to anyone, though the pastor vaguely alluded to the situation in sermons now & then from the bully-pulpit. So in fact, we don’t even actually know if we’re still technically members or not. Not that it matters or changes anything.

    A number of trusted friends recommend that’s what we should have done.
    It’s what my (non-confrontational) wife wanted to do.

    But to this day, I wonder if I should have taken it to the church.
    It’s the *last* thing the pastors or elders wanted.
    (And apparently, of course, they ARE the church.)

    So Kirk (& Jason), what say you about this situation?
    Do you think we should have followed Matthew 18 to its logical conclusion & taken our concerns to the entire church? Or did we do the right thing by leaving?

    We are one of those who you say, “[decided] at that moment that it would be less awkward to “skip town” and leave quietly .”

    One good thing that happened because of our decision, is that we did not get the “church shun” that many people seem to receive. We are still friends with just about everyone from that church. In my mind, it may be the one good reason to do what we did.

    I’m very interested in Kirk’s & Jason’s take on this kind of situation.


    • Jason Harris 14 July, 2016 at 11:07 pm

      Thanks for the note ejj. I apologise for the delayed response.
      It’s not an easy question to address. The whole the-elders-are-the-church thing is a MacArthur error that is also doing a lot of damage. The believers are, quite literally, the church. The elders are leaders of the flock, but they are, at the same time the flock.
      On the one hand, so many Christian leaders have been corrupted almost irretrievably by unaccountable power. As a pastor, the people in my church know that I’m counting on them to keep me in line. I’m the one in the most danger because I have some power. I would be devastated to discover that they knew I was being corrupted and didn’t get in my face and try to rescue me from myself and the destruction of sin. The problem is, when a church is structured to give the elders all the power, and raising concerns about elders is seen as “divisive,” it’s almost impossible for people to protect their elders from the danger of the corrupting influence of power and sin. It’s a system rigged to fail. So I say, if possible, be merciful to the pastor. Take it to the church. The worst possible thing for that elder is to get away with it and become hardened and proud.
      The other side of the story is that, especially where the system is designed to protect the elders, you will get hurt. And of course relationships are worth fighting for… I get that some pain is worth it. But I’m talking about more than that. I’m talking about subjecting your family to ostracisation. And yourself to incredible pressures. I personally spent several years on two occasions recovering from two similar situations (long story!). They quite literally broke my health.
      So on the one hand, I see taking sin in the elders to the church when necessary as fairly basic to Christian practice. On the other hand, when a church is structured to avoid accountability for the elders, there is wisdom I think in sitting down and counting the cost. Either way is painful and unjust. It’s a judgement call I think and in such cases we rely on the Word and the Spirit to guide to a wise decision.
      Grace to you.

  19. Astrapto 29 March, 2016 at 11:16 pm

    I found this post via Todd Wilhelm’s post on The Wartburg Watch two weeks ago titled, “9Marx Experiencing Pushback.”

    Jason has done a fine job here, and I agree with almost everything he says. I also agree with almost everything that commenter Kirk says, and much of what Garrett Conner and Jonathan Leeman have said as well. It seems apparent to me that much of the conflict between Jason and these commenters stems from a confusion over the definition of “accept a resignation.”

    Kirk, and Garrett, and perhaps Jonathan appear to be saying that “to accept a resignation” means “to refrain from bringing the issue before the church, and to refrain from instructing the congregation to excommunicate them.” Jason is using a stronger definition by saying that “to accept a resignation” means “to discontinue contacting the resigner to persuade them to repent.” Those definitions aren’t mutually exclusive, and I agree that Jason’s definition makes the most linguistic sense; but which ever meaning we use, we just need to be clear and consistent in order to debate productively.

    If someone resigns in the middle of discipline, the elders can: A) harass them and encourage members to do likewise, thereby “not accepting their resignation” by Jason’s definition; B) jump to the “church trial” stage of discipline, thereby “not accepting their resignation” by Jonathan, et al’s definition; or AB) both, or C) neither. Thus, these two definitions of “to accept a resignation” do not contradict each other, and therefore are not logically relevant to one other. See now how Jason and Jonathan are talking past each other by not acknowledging this difference?

    I don’t expect Jonathan Leeman to come back and read these comments, because he doesn’t reply to most of my comments on his 9Marks Mailbags. But I think he should carefully consider how much he may agree with Jason, if only they could agree on a definition of “accept the resignation.”

    Another elephant in the room that’s not really been discussed here is when a member resigns without any unrepentant sin, i.e. without being in the discipline process at all. It is this situation that Jamieson might have originally been thinking of – When a member just disappears, without expressing any intention to transfer to an “approved” church, then should the elders just let them go? Could the elders encourage the other members to reach out, but then stop once the member indicates that they feel harassed? And, significantly, is resigning from a church with no intent to transfer to a sufficiently biblical church itself a sin worthy of excommunication?

    Since Jason’s thoughts in this article have been so helpful to me so far, I’d really like to hear his perspective on these questions I’ve raised here.

    • Jason Harris 14 July, 2016 at 11:43 pm

      Thanks for your comment Astrapto, and for your patience in my response.
      I think the simplest way to address your first point is simply to clarify what I mean when I refer to accepting a resignation. I mean, quite simply, to recognise that the person has a right to resign and to accept that they have opted to do so.
      I think there are times when confrontation will continue after a resignation. The key is, not as a church pursuing a member but as a believer admonishing a professing believer he believes is living in sin. Not, of course, after a request to stop. And not harassment. Just loving confrontation of an old friend who used to be part of our church.
      Conversely, I think there are times when an accepted resignation will need to be “taken to the church.” “We received Joe Bloggs resignation this week after several confrontations about some false teaching he has been spreading throughout the congregation. We wanted you to realise that the elders here do not endorse these doctrines and Joe is no longer associated with our body here.”
      So in my mind, we can’t define acceptance of resignation in terms of what we will do in response, but rather we must define it in objective terms and recognise that the response will vary depending on the circumstance.
      Re: The question about transferring to another church. I tend to think that churches ought not see people as property to be held or transferred, but rather as a temporary opportunity to build and bless. As an elder, I’m not responsible for the journey the people are on. I’m responsible for how I minister to them while they are here. I know that sounds a bit airy fairy, but the fact is, there are times when God leads people to a place that doesn’t make sense to me. For a million and one reasons I might think it’s the wrong move. But I might be wrong. So as a Baptist, I fall back on individual soul liberty. Not as a cop out. As a beautiful, worth-dying-for truth. Unless the sin is blatantly overt and is spelled out in Scripture (directly, not by lines of implication), my job is to advise and shepherd and the rest is between them and God. I will give an account for how I advise and shepherd. They will give an account for what they choose to do.
      Grace to you.

  20. CHIPS 21 July, 2016 at 4:41 am

    Thanks for this wonderful article. =)

    I am from the camp of extreme love. Because Jesus loved all of us extremely. He famously said “let him who is without sin cast the first stone”.

    Let’s go back to the story of Adele. Adultery and divorcing her husband for another man is totally a sin. All upstanding church would agree with this.

    My question is: If she goes ahead with the divorce, is there no way to keep her in the church?

    Please don’t take this the wrong way but here it goes. To me the biggest problem for her is not the sin itself, but her non-repentant of her sin. She is lost. And it is at this time that she needs the most guidance of all. Her divorce is a sin and it is bad. But her faith is God is FAR more important. “It is not the healthy who need a doctor, but the sick. I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners.” (Mark 2:17)

    In my church, we lets alcoholics stay before they stop drinking. Our church lets porn addicts stays, before they stop watching. We have programs and professionals to help them out of their addictions. So no we do not believe that someone should stay in their sins. But our extreme love for them is never in question. We give them all the time in the world to go toward righteousness, with no deadline or time limits whatsoever. If that is how we treat alcoholics and porn addicts, how is a divorcee any different? What sin is so big that God cannot forgive and even work with?

    Now I totally agree that the church should talk to her and try to avoid the divorce. But if the divorce is certainly happening, what is the next step of the church? For me, because I believe in the extreme love of Jesus, I believe the church should change from “how to prevent that divorce?” to “how to keep her faith in Jesus?”

    Now I know what Matthew 18 said. But I believe it is often wrongly interpreted. By reading the whole chapter, I firmly believe that Jesus was talking about love instead of judgement and excommunication. It is about the greatest in heaven being the most loving person and humblest servant. It is about how elders must be extremely careful to not cause the little ones to stumble. It is about ignoring the 99 good sheep to chase after that 1 bad sheep, and finding that 1 lost sheep will bring great joy to God. It is about how Jesus loved the tax collector and gentiles, those that are hopelessly lost, by going to their homes and eating with them. It is about forgiving our brothers and sisters (and worst enemies) 77 times, which means unlimited amount of times. It is about Jesus forgiving us of all our debt, so why are we chasing after the petty debts of others? Love and forgive others, because we ourselves is loved and forgiven.

    I also know about 1 Corinthian 5. But that situation is extreme. And we must keep the extremeness of it in mind when reading the whole chapter.

    1) The sin is so bad that even non-believers will agree it is wrong. And perhaps jail sentences needs to be served.

    2) It is indicated that man was proud of his sins. He was probably telling everyone in the church that his sins are fine.

    3) The church itself was immature and lost. Instead of helping that brother out of his sin, the church itself is getting led astray and negatively influenced by his sin. In fact they were proud to be so “accepting” of him.

    On point #1, the church is a light in the darkness for the whole world. We stand for God’s truth. So if a church do not see a problem when even the dark world sees the problem, it is very very bad. And the church is very lost.

    If a Christian is getting persecuted and punished for doing good, he was being martyred and great is his reward in heaven. “But if you do wrong, be afraid, for rulers do not bear the sword for no reason. They are God’s servants, agents of wrath to bring punishment on the wrongdoer.” (Romans 13:4)

    Christians should be the FIRST to call the police and the judge when someone committed a sinful crime. Christians do not hide and cover-up sinful crimes to “protect” the evil doer. That is not protection, but promotion and encouragement of evil. The church of God must never promote and encourage evil.

    (The next chapter, 1 Corinthian 6:2, was talking about trivial cases. That means very small cases. Paul never said that for even huge sinful crimes, such as child molestation, the church should avoid calling the police and judges.)

    After that sinful criminal has received his just punishment, such as being imprisoned, the church should sent out prison ministry to guide that person back to God. God’s justice, as executed by God’s appointed government, must happen first.

    In Adele’s case, her sin was not criminal. And the sociality won’t even say divorce is wrong. So while her sin is still a sin, it is not on nearly the same level as the example in 1 Corinthian 5.

    On point #2, that man do not even see his sinful ways. Usually the church would take the time to slowly bring him around. However he was so proud of his sins that he was going around telling everyone that his sins are not even sins. He was acting as a false prophet and leading others astray. Out of love for other brothers and sisters, and not judgement for this man, the church must excommunicate him.

    In Adele’s case, it is important for her to realize that it is a sin to divorce her husband for another man. However the church should be patient with her to gentle guide her. She is already lost in the darkness. How would being rude and abusive to her help? Repentance often take a long time. And in this case, repentance can only means a change of mind. Chances are she will never be married back to her first husband ever again, even if she feel super sorry later on. And if the divorce is certainly going to happen anyways, how would kicking her out of the church help anything? As long as she keep to herself, the church should love the lost sinners even more. No one in church should discriminate against her, but instead show her even more love and caring from the bottom of their hearts. Do not play judge, but leave judgement to God. Think of God’s love for that 1 lost sheep vs the other 99 good sheep.

    Now it would be a TOTALLY different situation if she was acting like a false prophet and telling everyone in church that it is not even a sin to cheat and get a divorce. In the case the church should indeed excommunicate her. It is not out of hatred or anger toward her, but out of love for other brothers and sisters.

    On point #3, the church in Corinthian was immature. That’s why they were getting deserved and couldn’t tell right from wrong. In that case, yes they should not even eat with this man. How can they possibly lead him back into righteousness when they themselves are so lost? Once again this avoidance of eating with this man is not out of hatred for this man, but due to how immature and dumb the church was.

    In Adele’s case, her church is filled with spiritually mature leaders. They can tell right from wrong, especially in her case of cheating and divorcing. There is no need to avoid eating with her, because the elders will not be led astray by her. Instead the elder should act more like Jesus, who went to eat with the tax collectors and gentiles. They must work even harder to truly become her friend and honestly earn her trust. And then slowly bring her back to the church.

    Once again if would be a different situation if the elders themselves were immature and lost. Then yes they should avoid other false prophets and lost brothers. Else they themselves would be led astray by her.


    Jesus was patient with us. So we should be very patient with all sins. As such, church discipline and excommunication is really the very very very last resort. These should only be applied when there are no other options. The church should not threaten discipline and excommunication on every turn, over every single small matter. Neither should the church try to extort total control and authority over very personal and private matters.

    Let me know your thoughts. =)

    • CHIPS 21 July, 2016 at 5:20 am

      I just want to add that the church should also made clear their love for Adam. He shouldn’t feel left out, or the church is siding with Adele against him. The church love them both equally. While their marriage is breaking apart, let the love from the church not fail for both of them.

      It is not the church’s job to enforce forgiveness. The church should give Adam a lot of time and space to mourn. He should be free to express and anger and disappointment. And the church should guide him through it. The church must not force Adam to forgive Adele. He must come to it himself. Perhaps when Adam has cooled down, the brothers and sisters really close to him can mention forgiveness. But all this must be done out of love, gentleness and wisdom.

      If Adam demands judgement against Adele, tell him that judgement was already served by Jesus who died on the cross for all. Her sins are what nailed Jesus to the cross. Back in the Roman times, the Christians didn’t even seek judgement against their oppressor but love them even more. Jesus said “”Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.” (Luke 23:34)

      Hopefully Adam will understand. If not, give him even more patience, gentleness and understanding.

      Let the church never side with one person against another. Everyone deserve time and space with God and the Holy Spirit as he/she walks in this winding road of life.

    • Jason Harris 21 July, 2016 at 2:31 pm

      Hey Chips, Thanks for your thoughts. Yes, I agree with almost everything you’ve said here. Church discipline is NEVER for punishment. The goal is ALWAYS the purity and protection of the church and the restoration of the sinner.
      I do think there’s a difference between an alcoholic or porn-addict who recognises it as sin and is trying to stop vs. someone who has not recognised their sin and is happily pursuing it. An alcoholic may be in a state of repentance and is therefore in no need of discipline. I agree wholeheartedly, though, that discipline is the last resort and it is not for the sin itself, but for failure to repent of the sin. Also, you’re point that all of this needs to take place over a long period of time, not a few hours or days, is crucial. Finally, even after church discipline takes place, that is not the end of the journey, but the beginning. Now we treat this person as an unbeliever in need of rescue! So yes, I think “extreme love,” exercised in reverence for God, is key.

  21. CHIPS 21 July, 2016 at 5:59 am

    I read a few questioning when to bring a sinner in front of the whole church. I believe by the time the church gets to that step, discipline and excommunication cannot be avoided anymore. That members will feel so embarrassed and ashamed that he/she will not come to church anymore. This is not loving at all. And may I say in 99% of the cases unnecessary.

    Again in Matthew 18, I believe the point is for us to go ALL LENGTHS to restore our brothers and sisters out of love. Shaming and embarrassing goes directly opposite of love and restore.

    So what to do if the member refuse to repent after talking to the elders? I had thought much about this. And here is my conclusion:

    Challenge that member to GO AND FIND other Christians who agrees with him/her.

    That means the member is free to talk to other Christians in the church private to try to get them to see his/her point of view. That member is also free to go to other churches to try to do the same. He/she can gather a small team of allies together to discuss this incident with the elders.

    In the case of Adele, the chances are very low that she will be able to find anyone to side with her. She cheated and is demanding a divorce from her husband. Almost no church would take that stance. The few that does are most likely cults or very misguided. The church does not need to gather together to condemn and judge her. She herself will find God’s truth when she failed to find any allies to support her false and wrong beliefs. It is hoped that she will realize the error of her ways and repent.

    On the other hand, there are many cases where the members have very legitimate issues. They are honestly justify what they did, said or thought with the bible, but the elders were biased and doesn’t listen. This system help prevent these kind of abuse of power. If that member was able to gather up many allies to be on his/her side, the elder should instead question themselves. Why were they so sure they were right? Has they be led astray? Maybe it is the elders that needs to repent.

    So instead of gathering the whole church together to embarrass and shame that member, that that member go and find allies that agrees with him/her. I believe this will form much fairer and bias-free conclusions.

    • Jason Harris 21 July, 2016 at 2:38 pm

      Hey again Chips. I couldn’t agree with you here simply because it seems to assess God’s instruction as unloving. Raising a matter with the church (NOT literally having the person stand in front of the church) may be embarrassing for this person, but when it is necessary to protect the body from someone who is spreading false doctrine or encouraging sin systematically and in an ongoing fashion, then it is loving both to the body and to the erring party to take public, decisive action. That said, everything you said above should inform HOW that takes place. It should never be punishment, revenge, shaming, or mean-spirited.
      Also, I can’t see how this method would avoid unhelpful divisions in the body. That said, the potential for the elders to be wrong is a very good reason why people MUST be allowed to leave. ALL of us are wrong at times. When a controlling elder is wrong, it destroys lives.

    • Astrapto 22 July, 2016 at 6:56 am


      You said, “…in Matthew 18, I believe the point is for us to go ALL LENGTHS to restore our brothers and sisters out of love.”

      Why did Jesus say, “tell it to the church” in Matt 18:17 then?

      Why did Paul say in 1 Cor 5:
      “So when you are assembled and I am with you in spirit, and the power of our Lord Jesus is present, 5 hand this man over to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, so that his spirit may be saved on the day of the Lord.”
      “…you must not associate with anyone who claims to be a brother or sister but is sexually immoral or greedy, an idolater or slanderer, a drunkard or swindler. Do not even eat with such people”

      “Expel the wicked person from among you.”

      What did they mean, if not what they said? This is the word of the Lord.
      Paul, inspired by the Holy Spirit, said that “hand[ing] them over to Satan” can sometimes cause their Spirit to “be saved on the day of the Lord.” I believe him.

      This is the word of the Lord.

    • CHIPS 22 July, 2016 at 8:36 am


      To avoid repeating myself, I am going to go slightly off topic to answer your question. When people discuss these passages, they often focus only on the external action itself. What is often forgotten is what is going on in our HEARTS. And this is a huge problem. Because God couldn’t care less what is going on outside. God only cares about the truth inside our hearts. And no amount of masks and lies can hide our true heart from God. “If I give away all I have, and if I deliver up my body to be burned, but have not LOVE, I gain nothing.” (1 Corinthian 13:3)

      As such I am not against the actions that you mentioned. They are indeed in the bible. Instead I am questioning WHEN it should be applied and HOW it should be applied. And the love from God must be our guide.

      Actions can be very deceiving. One man can volunteer to serve the poor and donate a lot of money, yet has zero love in his heart. He was just doing it for praise from others or other benefits. God do not honour that. Another man might be doing exactly the same action, in fact side by side with the first man. Yet he was truly doing it out of love. On the outside, no one can tell them apart. But God can.

      So the biggest question is NOT what ACTION a church should be doing. The biggest question is what is IN your HEART? Ok here are the actions in your church. God’s question to your church is “Are they truly out of love from the bottom of your hearts?”

      We cannot just read Matthew 18:17. We must read the whole Matthew chapter 18. Else we risk taking that verse out of context. Then we defeat the whole purpose of Expositional Preaching, which is defense against falsehood.

      And if you read the whole Matthew 18, it is clear that Jesus was talking about love, forgiveness, patience and gentleness toward your sinful brothers and sisters.

      There are extreme cases where it is indeed necessary to bring your brother in front of the whole church and expose his sins. And that would be the case for the man mentioned in 1 Corinthian 5. And even then, the exposure of sin can ONLY be done within the context of love and in hope of restoring that brother. I am totally AGAINST bringing out your brother just to shame and embarrassed him in front of the whole church. This is SINFUL.

      Pretty words and masks means nothing to God. God sees the heart. Even if we hide behind a mask of “love”, God’s wrath is on us if we secretly rejoice in our brother’s destruction. A church of Jesus has no place to rejoice when a brother gets punished and destroyed because of his sins. Why do some of us rejoice and say “See? I told you so!” Shouldn’t we instead mourn? Where is our love?

      We cannot see the heart of our members. And there will always be evil people like this in churches. And if we allow “easy access” to this system, these evil people will always end up abusing it. To avoid these kind of evil from happening, this kind of public shunning must be the very very very last resort and only applied when necessary.

      As for 1 Corinthian 5, I had already pointed out that was an EXTREME case. A person was committing a sin that even pagans know is bad. He was proud and telling everyone that his sins are not even a sin. The church elders are immature and dumb, so they themselves were getting led astray.

      It is a huge problem when we hear reports of people getting disciplined when they miss a few Sunday school classes, having certain CDs & DVDs or not tithing enough. It would be madness to try to say these kinds of cases are on the equal level as the man mentioned in 1 Corinthian 5. Even Adele the cheating wife wasn’t at that level. Once again if we allow “easy access” to these kinds of systems, there will eventually be an abuse of power & authority and an invasion of privacy. And often times the church create NEW sins that aren’t even sins in the bible. Before the church knew it they had become like the Pharisees, picking and choosing and twisting the word of God for their own reasons.

      Once again it is not about actions. It is not about which law to follow. It is not about what power and authority the elders should have. It is the heart. It is about the love. If there is no heart and no love, the church will certainly be led astray by the Devil. As such it is important for us to go back to the basics and understand what love is.

      I am going to say something controversial. God is NOT GLORIFIED by the church “trying” to be holy and sinless. That’s because the church is ALWAYS SINFUL and sin is disgusting to God. You can try to sin less. But something that is slightly less disgusting is not any more glorifying than something that is very disgusting. Where is the GLORY in any kind of DISGUST? There is none.

      Instead the whole law is fulfilled in one word: “You shall love God and your neighbor as yourself.” (Matthew 22:35-40) This love included 3 different things (God, others, yourself) that are so closely related that you can’t even separate them. “Whoever claims to love God yet hates a brother or sister is a liar. For whoever does not love their brother and sister, whom they have seen, cannot love God, whom they have not seen.” (1 John 4:20)

      God certainly love your brother when he sins. Jesus has a special love for the lease of these. Do you feel jealousy against your brother for this kind of love? Do you feel that your brother do not deserve this? Please do not think this way. “We had to celebrate and be glad, because this brother of yours was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.” (Luke 15:32)

      Why do you need your brother to be perfect? Why do you require your brother to stop sinning? Why is your love CONDITIONAL? What does that tell about your heart? Why can’t you just love him when he is imperfect, just as Jesus loved your when you were imperfect.

      And if you do not truly love yourself, you will covet after your neighbor’s wife, car, house, grades, etc. Your will become selfish and your heart grow cold. And if you do not love yourself when you are sinning, you guilt will cause you to lash out against your brothers when they sin. I had seen this time and time again. If you do not understand the forgiveness God has given you, then neither will you forgive yourself, and neither will you forgive your brother.

      True love must come honestly from the deepest parts of our heart. And this love is what glories God. This is the Greatest Commandment. And when you pursue love, you cannot help but to also sin less along the way. Because all sins hurts God, others or yourself. To sin is to un-love. When you love you will certainly sin less. They are directly linked with one another.

    • A. Amos Love 22 July, 2016 at 8:58 pm



      I really enjoy your comments.

      Yes – “…go to ALL LENGTHS to restore our brothers and sisters out of love.
      Shaming and embarrassing goes directly opposite of love and restore.”

      Yes – WE, His sheep, His Disciples, must read ALL of Mat 18.

      Mat 18 does NOT say anything about “church discipline” “excommunication” “shunning.”

  22. A. Amos Love 23 July, 2016 at 3:28 am

    1 of 4
    Here are some reasons challenging this tradition…
    Of Mat 18:15-17, being about “church discipline.”
    And giving “Your Brother” only three strikes and he’s out.
    Hmmm? Is MY Mercy quotient stuck on only three strikes?
    I’m-a-thinkin, I would like “MY Brother” to show a little more mercy to me.
    When I have sinned against “MY Brother” and he comes a-knockin.
    There have been times I’ve been blind and deaf. How about you?
    Who is blind, but my servant? or deaf, as my messenger that I sent?
    who is blind as he that is perfect, and blind as the LORD’S servant?
    Isa 42:19
    Many, in “Today’s Religious System,” will say, Mat 18:15-17, is a standard verse calling for “church discipline.” Giving “a local church” the authority to remove someone from “church membership.”
    1 – These terms, “local church,” “church leaders,” “church membership,”
    “church discipline” “removed from membership”
    These terms are NOT mentioned in ALL of Mat 18.
    These terms are NOT mentioned in ALL of the scriptures.
    How can WE, His Disciples, know who does “church discipline,” Correctly? Biblically?”
    If these things are NOT in the Bible?
    How can WE, His Sheep, His Ekklesia, be like those in Berea?
    Who, “…searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so?”
    If these things, “local church,” “church leaders,”“church membership,” “
    church discipline” “removed from membership”
    Are NOT in the scriptures?
    Seems these terms have been added to the Bible.
    And is a reasonable reason to challenge this “Tradition of men.”

  23. A. Amos Love 23 July, 2016 at 3:30 am

    2 of 4
    Reason #2, challenging this tradition…

    Mat 18:17, says, the responsibility is left up to ME, the Brother sinned against…
    How to treat MY?Brother, as “a Gentile and a tax collector.”

    NOT the “church.”
    NOT the “local church.”
    NOT the “church leaders.”

    Matthew 18:15-17 ESV
    15 “If your brother sins against “you,” (You is Me, Amos.)
    go and tell him his fault, between “you” and him alone. (You is Me, Amos.)
    If he listens to “you,” “you” have gained your brother. (You is Me, Amos.)
    16 But if he does not listen, take one or two others along with “you,”
    that every charge may be established
    by the evidence of two or three witnesses.
    17 If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church. (The Ekklesia, His body.)
    And if he refuses to listen even to the church, (The called out ones, assembly.)
    let him be to “you” (You is Me, Amos.)
    as a Gentile and a tax collector.
    2 – When MY Brother, who sins against ME…
    Does NOT listen to (Hear) ME. And I do NOT gain MY Brother…
    Does NOT listen to (Hear) the one or two witnesses.
    And also, “he refuses to listen (Hear) even to the church”
    And, I do NOT gain MY Brother.
    The responsibility is still left up to ME, the Brother sinned against…
    How to treat MY?Brother, as “a Gentile and a tax collector.”
    NOT the “church.” “His Body.” “His Called Out Ones.” “The Assembly.”
    NOT the “local church.”
    NOT the “church leaders.”
    Isn’t this a reason to challenge this “Tradition of men?”
    That says “the local church” decides MY Brothers fate?
    Decides how to treat him as a “a Gentile and a tax collector?”
    When Mat 18:17 ESV says…
    …let him be to *you* (ME) (The Brother sinned against.)
    as a Gentile and a tax collector?

  24. E. J. Kane 11 July, 2017 at 6:33 pm

    Absolute unbiblical nonsense, what is the purpose of Discipline? For the repentance of the wayward only? NO!

    In the context of elders, and I think also of all, given the context with reference to partiality, in 1st Tim. 3:19-21.
    “Them that sin rebuke before all, (why?) that others may fear also.” (v.20)

    The context is discipline, Paul’s point is that the bishop is to be considered equally as much as any other member of the body, without partiality. And if so then the other members of the body are subject to the same as written here.

    If we do things as you say, sin is not publicly put out by the congregation, this woman Adele is not rebuked and separated from; the leaven is mixed in to the lump and it is become corrupted.
    “That others may fear”, fear what? Fear sin, and the terrible consequences of it, sin MUST be publicly put out, you are absolutely wrong on this.

    And, as the depravity of this commentboard evidences, wrong-headed in even approcahing this subject from such an angle.

    Are the churches practicing Discipline too much? Ha!
    Ha ha!
    Most churches NEVER practice discipline whatsoever, take Jack Hyles for example, a fundamentalist you would revile, his opinion was that if he were to practice discipline he would begin with the tithers.

    It is frankly ridiculous that you assert that discipline being taken too harshly is any kind of a major problem in the contemporary churches.

    In all this you bear a wicked and hateful heart toward your own family Jason Harris, and it shows.

    • Jason Harris 11 July, 2017 at 7:07 pm

      Hello EJ,

      If you’ll look carefully, I demonstrate clearly that Dever’s purposes of church discipline (which include warning others about the danger of sin) are fully met in the case of Adele. See my analysis of this matter under #4) Logic argues against denying resignation.

      My assertion in this post is that when church discipline is practiced in an unbiblical and abusive way, it is sin. That assertion stands.

      As far as my family, I have no idea what you think you know or how you feel you have access to details about my heart, but you clearly seem annoyed at me for something I’ve done. If you’d like to speak about this, please feel free to drop me a note.

  25. Stuart Harvey 23 July, 2017 at 3:51 pm

    Well said, Jason.

  26. fiveonly 3 August, 2017 at 11:51 pm

    “In all this you bear a wicked and hateful heart toward your own family Jason Harris, and it shows.”

    Could there be a better example of the attitude of the 9Marx folks than the comment above? If you dare to disagree with them, they judge the motivation of your heart, make false, unsupported accusations and attempt to destroy your reputation.

    The classic ad hominem attack is a special area of expertise for most of these folks: when the truth isn’t on your side, attack the character of your opponent.

  27. Velour 22 August, 2017 at 11:52 pm

    I just found this article through Rebecca Davis’ blog Here’s the Joy and her article on excommunications/shunnings.

    I was at an authoritarian, abusive, independent church in which godly Christians were ordered to be excommunicated/shunned for ANY reason, including the unthinkable: being Bereans and having critical thinking skills. First it was a woman in finance, then it was a doctor married who has been faithfully married for more than 50 years, and then it was me.

    Many families, couples, and singles saw the ‘writing on the wall’ and disappeared from this abusive church, fed up with the authoritarianism.

    On a legal note, the Appellate Courts in the United States have ruled that belonging to a religious organization is voluntary and that people can leave whenever they want.

    Mark Dever/9 Marks and other organizations that promote that people can’t leave, including when they’re under ‘church discipline’ (which can be any trumped up reason that pastors/elders think of), has obviously never sat down and consulted with good attorneys who know these laws. Dever has repeatedly given legally incorrect information, that can frankly put churches in danger of being sued and could enjoin Dever as well if someone wanted to.

  28. Shannon 17 January, 2024 at 10:46 am

    My church is doing this to me right now….

    • Jason Harris 23 January, 2024 at 4:13 pm

      I’m sorry to hear that Shannon. Please don’t hesitate to drop me a note if I can help you in any way. God does not condone abuse of church power.

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